返回

Top 5.代词指代

二、真題舉例

真題中對代詞指代考查的真題例句:

They are the possessions of the autonomous (self-governing) man of traditional theory , and they are essential to practices in which a person is held responsible for his conduct and given credit for his achievements . (2002, 44)

Actually , it isn’t , because it assumes that there is an agreed account of human rights , which is something the world does not have . ( 1997, 71)

以上是真题中考查代词的例子。第一个例子中出现了两个they和两个his(形容词性物主代词),根据其并列结构及句义可以判断这两个they指代的内容一致,且都是各自分句的主语,属于主要成分,如果不翻译出其指代的内容则会导致整句话的信息不完整,让人摸不着头脑,而这两个his属于句内指代,都是a person的形容词性物主代词,属于修饰成分,因此比较好处理。第二个例子出现了两个it,都属于句中的主要成分,如果不还原其指代的具体内容的话,同样会导致意思云里雾里,进而被扣分。